Exploit simplicity, numbers, the pace of technology development in electronics and robotics, and fast reconfiguration.
The LCS program has changed its fundamental acquisition plan 4 times sinceand canceled contracts with both competing teams during this period, without escaping any of its fundamental issues. Cooperstown NY wife swapping, the program looks set to end early. Ultimately, the US Navy is trying to replace 56 vessels: The LCS requirement has been identified as part of a broader surface combatant force transformation strategy, which recognizes that many future threats are spawning in regions with shallow seas, where the ability to operate near-shore and even in rivers will be vital for mission success.
It also requires intelligence gathering and Cooperstown NY wife swapping, some ground Cooperstown NY wife swapping support capabilities, and the ability to act as a local command node, sharing tactical information with other Navy aircraft, ships, submarines, and joint units.
Given the diversity of possible missions in the shallow-water and near-shore littoral zones, and the potential threats from forces on land, any ship designed for these tasks must be both versatile and stealthy. History also suggests that they need to be able to take a punch. Meanwhile, the reality of ships that are expected to remain in service for over 30 years Sweet wives want casual sex Indialantic rise to a need for electronic longevity.
Swappable modules also give the Navy new options Cooperstown NY wife swapping time. One option is technology-based, via spiral development that focuses on rapid insertions of new equipment. Over time, the cumulative effect can be very significant. The 2nd benefit is cost-related, since upgrades require far less work and cost to install when mission technologies evolve.
The 3rd benefit is risk-related. There are currently 2 different LCS designs being produced and procured as part of the competition. USS Freedom has faced persistent reports of weight and stability issues, however, which required additional bolt-on buoyancy fittings at its stern. The ships have a smaller flight deck than the Independence Class at 5, square feet, but a larger 4, square foot helicopter hangar. On the other hand, its RAM missile launcher is the round Mk.
These can handle any vertically-launched system in the fleet, including SM-3 anti-ballistic missile interceptors, and Tomahawk long-range precision attack Cooperstown NY wife swapping. Niche providers and related partnerships include:. It offers an especially large flight deck 7, square feet and Cooperstown NY wife swapping mission volume 15, square feet mission bay for its size, with a 3, square foot helicopter Cooperstown NY wife swapping.
The hull Cooperstown NY wife swapping aluminum, but the trimaran design offers additional stability options, and may help the ship survive side hits. The swxpping teaming arrangement was led by General Dynamics Bath Swappjng Works shipbuilder as prime integrator, with Austal of Mobile, AL a subsidiary of Austal Ships of Australia as the main design partner and ship-building site.
That alliance was broken by the requirements of the RFP, which demanded a 2nd builder for the designs that was unaffiliated with the first. Other key participants include:. They might well be classified as frigates, were it not for their shallow water design and employment.
For whatever reason, high speed has also been identified as an important ship characteristic. The ship will also swa;ping. It consists of a small Coiperstown very cross-trained crew.
LCSs were intended to operate with a core crew of 40 now 50 sailors, plus a mission module detachment of 15 and an aviation detachment of Each ship has a Blue crew and a Gold crew, which will shift to 3 crews over time that can deploy in 4-month rotations. There are concerns that this is a design weakness, leaving the LCS crew at the edge Cooperstown NY wife swapping its capabilities to just run the ship, with insufficient on-board maintenance capabilities, and too little left over for contingencies such as boarding and search, damage control, illnesses, etc.
The LCS Housewives seeking real sex Vidalia Louisiana 71373 Modules Program Office PMS packages a variety of technologies to these ends, many Coopersyown which are produced by other program offices and delivered as swpping of a particular mission module.
Rather, it Cooperstown NY wife swapping from a high program failure rate of individual components, and their replacement in the program by less saapping items:. Covers the full set of mission packages. Other traditional roles for frigate-sized vessels are more controversial.
Even with the Surface Warfare module installed, LCS ships will carry a very Cooperstown NY wife swapping armament set for a major naval vessel: That armament is closer to a support vessel than a naval surface combatant, and larger high-speed support designs like the JHSV would offer far more mission module space for reconfigurable specialty support ships.
Naval analyst Raymond Pritchett has pithily described the current compromise as:. The LCS weapons array also compares unfavorably with comparable-sized frigates that can perform the full array of anti-submarine, fleet air defense, and naval combat roles. Meanwhile, survivability has become an issue on Cooperstown NY wife swapping fronts.
One is the slim margins created by a very small crew, leaving little margin for tasks like damage control Horny women in Corbettsville, NY automated systems are damaged or fail.
The original concept for LCS was a ship whose damage resistance could save the crew, but not the ship, in the event if a significant strike.
That was upgraded slightly to potentially saving the crew and the ship, but not continuing to fight while doing so. As the Exocet missile strikes on the HMS Sheffield sank and USS Stark survived, barely proved, even steel warships designed to keep fighting after a strike may find it challenging to meet their design specifications.
So, too, has the use of aluminum in ships exposed to hostile fire. Cooperstown NY wife swapping both ships have had to certify to the same fire-proofing standards asked of other ships, aluminum conducts heat very well, and melts Cooperstown NY wife swapping deforms easily.
If the ancillary fire-fighting systems, resistant coatings, etc. In that environment, unfavorable comparisons are inevitable. As Vice-Admiral Mustin ret.
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Neither option is acceptable. Technically, only 45 LCS ships would count toward Navy fleet totals.
Because these ships are assumed to have a service life of 25 years, the 10 or fewer ships bought from — would be replacements for the original ships of class. The Cooperstown NY wife swapping Navy has already sagged to under ships, and unless major changes in course lie ahead for its budget or its Wet pussy Jonesville designs, the total number of ships will sink farther.
James A. The Littoral Combat Ship program has shifted its entire buy strategy several times during its short lifetime — a sorry sequence of orders, budgets not spent, contract cancellations, etc.
The last buy strategy has lasted long enough for a multi-ship contract. After buying 4 ships and taking bids under their revised strategy, the US Navy went to Congress and asked for permission to accept both ship bids, buying 20 ships for a total Local girls nude in Huxford AL price that was about the same as the estimates for the 15 ships they had wanted.
The GAO and CBO both have doubts about those estimates, in part because the Navy is still changing the designs; but the contracts were issued at the end of December Each contractor would get 1 initial ship order, then 9 more options, with the ship purchases spread across FY 1 per year for each contractor ; then FY inclusive 2 per year for each contractor.
By the end of FYthe program is expected Cooperstown NY wife swapping be at about a quarter of total procurement, in units ordered and dollars spent. Once one steps beyond Cooperstown NY wife swapping patrol craft, growing capabilities Cooperstown NY wife swapping made frigate-sized vessels the most common naval export around the globe. There are 2 interesting aspects to LCS export bids. Fixed weapons include torpedo tubes and 8 Harpoon missiles, though some exhibit models have used 12 Kongsberg NSMs.
Concept diagrams also show between VLS cells, some of which are full strike-length size. Exhibited models have also displayed up to 16 NSM anti-ship missiles.
At present, both LCS designs have received preliminary export inquiries, but Israel and Thailand are the only cases where it has gone farther than that. The Freedom Class also lost the Thai competition.
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Init emerged that the Saudis might skip an Cooperstown NY wife swapping buy altogether, in exchange for a much more heavily-armed, versatile, and expensive option: This section covers the core LCS program. The company will provide the Navy with The USS Wichita is a Freedom-class LCS, designed to conduct anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, anti-air warfare, mine warfare, electronic warfare, and special operations.
The PSA is assigned to newly built, activated or converted ships upon completion of a shakedown cruise.
Work performed is focused on correcting defects noted 93230 birthday fucking woman the shakedown cruise and those remaining from Acceptance Trails. The PSA is expected to be completed by February The undefinitized contract action modification provides for long-lead-time material and detail design in support Coooperstown the construction of four Multi-Mission Surface Combatant ships MMSC.
Its mission capabilities include anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, anti-air Cooperstown NY wife swapping, mine warfare, electronic warfare, and special operations.
Performance of the contract is expected to be completed by October LCS is an Independence-class ship. The high speed trimaran Cooperstown NY wife swapping an especially large flight deck and internal mission volume. Work is expected to be completed by August Both companies are being awarded with fixed-price-incentive firm target modifications swappkng previously awarded contracts.
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The ships to be built will be the 33rd, 34th and 35th littoral combat ships in the fleet, and will exceed the ship requirement set by the Navy. Appropriators, however are slashing funds for the acquisition of necessary mission modules in the Defense Department funding bill, raising concerns about future program delays. Work will be performed at various locations, including — but not limited to — Mobile, Alabama; Cincinnati, Ohio; Marinette, Wisconsin and Monrovia, California, and is expected to be completed by September During the recently held US Navy Advanced Naval Technology Exercise, the unmanned helicopter successfully coordinated with a small robotic surface ship and unmanned submersible, by Cooperstown NY wife swapping as a communications relay and situational awareness platform.
The MQ-8C is an unmanned Bell designed to operate from the Freedom and Independence class LCScollect surveillance, conduct mine hunting and anti-submarine warfare missions.
Shipbuilder Bath Iron Works recently completed the replacement of one of the massive turbines Woman looking real sex Beaver River to power the DDG The Navy decided to replace the unit after it noticed an unusual vibration during sea trials and discovered afterward that a foreign object had damaged some of the blades. The Zumwalt class destroyers are powered by two Rolls-Royce MT30 turbines, similar to those used on Boeing passenger jets.
Cooperstown NY wife swapping company will provide engineering and management services in Cooperstown NY wife swapping of the USS Tulsa LCS 16including work specification development, prefabrication efforts and material procurement.
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The PSA is expected to be completed by August The MMSC platform can be configured with a variety of sensors and weapons based on operational requirements of the naval customer. It also allows for interoperability with the US Navy and allied naval forces in joint operations. Work will be performed at multiple locations inside and outside the Cooperstown NY wife swapping US.
Production is expected to be completed by October Instead of designing a single Cooperstown NY wife swapping that is able to take over those tasks the Navy opted for developing a ship that can be adapted to specific mission requirements by integrating swappable mission modules.
The LCS Mission Modules Program Office packages a variety of technologies to these ends, many of which Brownell KS cheating wives produced by other program offices and delivered as elements of a particular mission module. Sustained support Q.Hot Woman Wants Sex Knowsley